3 Definitions.

(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) “Act” means the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);

(b) “Doubtful Asset” means a borrowal account which has remained a nonperforming asset for more than two years but less than three years;

(c) “Loss Asset” means a borrowal account which has remained a nonperforming asset for more than three years or where in the opinion of the Board, a shortfall in the recovery of the loan account is expected because the documents executed may become invalid if subjected to legal process or for any other reason;

(d) “Net Owned Funds” means the aggregate of paid up equity share capital and free reserves as reduced by accumulated losses and intangible assets appearing in the last audited balance sheet:

Provided that the amount representing the proceeds of issue of preference shares shall not be included for calculating Net Owned Funds.

1[(da) "Nidhi" means a company which has been incorporated as a nidhi wth the object of cultivating the habit of thrift and saving amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit, and which complies with the rules made by the central Government for regulation of such class of companies.]

(e) “Non-Performing Asset” means a borrowal account in respect of which interest income or instalment of loan towards repayment of principal amount has remained unrealised for twelve months;

(f) “Standard Asset” means the asset in respect of which no default in repayment of principal or payment of interest has occurred or is perceived and which has neither shown signs of any problem relating to repayment of principal sum or interest nor does it carry more than normal risk attached to the business;

(g) “Sub-Standard Asset” means a borrowal account which is a non performing asset:

Provided that reschedulement or renegotiation or rephasement of the loan instalment or interest payment shall not change the classification of an asset unless the borrowal account has satisfactorily performed for at least twelve months after such reschedulement or renegotiation or rephasement.

(2) Words and expressions used herein, but not defined in these rules and defined in the Act or in the Companies (Specification of definitions details) Rules, 2014 shall have the same meaning as assigned to them in the Act or in the said Rules.


1. Inserted by Nidhi (Amendment) Rules 2019     Amendment Effective from 15th August 2019.